Lake Toba in North Sumatra (Area: 107,216 Ha). This lake is so famous even to foreign countries. It is the largest volcanic lake in Indonesia and even Southeast Asia. Uniquely, just on the side of this lake Toba there is also volcanic known as the island of Samosir. Since ancient times, lake Toba has been known as one of the most important tourist destinations in North Sumatra. In this lake there are many types of recreation that visitors can try.
Lake Towuti in Central Sulawesi (Area: 59.840 Ha). This one lake is administratively located in the District of Towuti, East Luwu of South Sulawesi. This lake enters into the point of Taman Wisata Tuwoti which is managed by an institution called BKSDA or Natural Resources Conservation Center of South Sulawesi. This institution performs its functions under the Ministry of Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia.
Lake Sentani in Papua (Area: 34.375 Ha). This one lake is the largest in Papua. He is also well become the most popular tourist area there. Lake Sentani is annually the location of the implementation of various famous festivals in Papua.
Lake Poso in Central Sulawesi (Area: 34,280 Ha). The largest lake in Indonesia is further located in the province of Central Sulawesi. It is located at an altitude of 657 meters above sea level. This lake is not yet widely managed by the Regional Government. But, his beauty still amaze anyone who ever visited him.
Lake Matana in South Sulawesi (Area: 16,640 Ha). This one lake is located in Sorako Regency Luwu Utara South Sulawesi. This lake has a depth of up to 590 meters.
Location Geopark Lake Toba become a mainstay attractions in Samosir regency, North Sumatra, centered in the Village Sigulatti, District Sianjur Mulamula.
Lake Toba as the largest volcanic lake in Southeast Asia is an interesting object because of its natural beauty equipped with cultural richness and is considered as the origin of ancestral Batak tribe.
Called as Toba Geopark not because Batak Toba or Toba Lake, but because of the wealth and geological potential in the lake area located in the central part of North Sumatra Province covers seven districts.
There are 42 geosite for Geopark Toba divided into four geo areas, namely: 1. Haranggaol Caldera, 2. Porsea, 3. Sibandang Caldera 4. Geo Area of Samosir Island.
Combined from Geo Area it is called as Geopark. For the District of Samosir built as many as eight panels (signage) for eight geosite.
Geopark’s location is managed to be a tourism object with three aspects of management covering conservation, education (education, geological science, biology and culture research) as well as aspects of local economic value development through sustainable tourism activities.
Lake Toba is the largest caldera lake in the world located in North Sumatra Province, 176 km to the west of Medan City. Lake Toba (2.88o N – 98,5o 2 E and 2,35o N – 99,1o E) is the largest lake in Indonesia (90 x 30 km2) and is also a volcano-tectonic caldera (giant volcanic crater) largest quarter in this world. The caldera is formed by the post-eruption process of post-eruption supervolcanogunungapi Toba Purba, then filled by rain water.
Lake Toba has a length of 87 km northeast-southeast with a width of 27 km with an altitude of 904 meters above sea level (asl) and the depth of the deepest lake 505 meters. In the middle of Lake Toba Samosir Island is located with altitudes ranging between 900 to 1,600 meters above sea level, which is formed due to the removal of the lake base post-eruption caldera that occurred 74,000 years ago, as the end of the process of achieving a new equilibrium post-eruption caldera supervolcano.
Toba Caldera wall area has the morphology of rugged hills to steep and valleys form the morphology of the terrain with the limit of caldera rim watershed DTA Lake Toba with the area of catchment area (3,658 km ²) and the surface area of the lake is 1.103 km ². This catchment area is hilly (43%), mountain (30%) with peak of 2,000 meters above sea level (27%) as a place for community activity.
In relation to its uniqueness, Toba Caldera is proposed to be a geopark with the name Geopark Caldera Toba (GKT). To realize the desire, formed the Team Acceleration Filing Geopark Caldera Toba become a member in Global Geopark Networking UNESCO, by issuing the Decree of the Governor of North Sumatra. 188.44 / 404 / KPTS / 2013 on June 26, 2013.
Initially, in 2011 the name of geopark was proposed by the name of Geopark Toba, but in its development considering that the world heritage worth is a relic of the super volcano Toba eruption that has a global impact of Lake Toba which is none other than the largest Quaternary Caldera in the world, it proposed the name of geopark in 2013 with the name Geopark Caldera Toba.
Geopark Toba Caldera carries the Volcano theme (supervolcano) with the uniqueness as the largest Quarter Volcano-Ttone Caldera in the world. This area covers part of the administrative area of seven districts that have beaches in Lake Toba which are limited by the caldera rim ie Samosir District, Toba Samosir Regency, Dairi Regency, Karo Regency, Humbang Hasundutan Regency, North Tapanuli Regency and Simalungun Regency.
Geopark Kaldera Toba, North Sumatra, Indonesia: Proposed Document of Membership of Indonesia National Geopark Network.
President Joko Widodo has ordered to bring a “spike” of tourism by promoting Lake Toba even harder, especially after the status of Silangit Airport has reached international level so that the airport is set to be the main gateway of the tourist destinations of Lake Toba and its surrounding by air.
To achieve the status of the international airport, Silangit Airport has undergone a thorough change and overhaul of its facilities. The terminal now has enough to handle one million passengers per year. The runway has been expanded to 2,650 meters and 45m wide from 2,400m x 30m before, with this new airport size allowing to accommodate larger aircraft, such as the Airbus A320 and Boeing 737-800.
“Around 74,000 years ago, a giant volcanic explosion took place in Lake Toba that has affected the whole world, and now we are creating a new explosion in the world of tourism by opening the gateway to the beautiful and culturally rich Toba and Batak tribes, which are now wide open , “said President at the inauguration of new terminal Silangit International Airport in Silangit, Siborong-borong, North Tapanuli, North Sumatra Province.
With a capacity to serve 500 thousand passengers annually, Silangit Airport has custom facilities, immigration and quarantine facilities; a runway measuring 2,650 meters and 50 meters wide; and PCN is able to accommodate Airbus A320 and Boeing 737-800. Designed to be a smart airport, it also has free Wi-Fi, scheduled flight and bus displays, e-payment, bus ticketing machines, tourist information booths, self check-in facilities and some other digital features.
In addition to the construction of the Silangit airport to boost the government’s tourist visits, it has also conducted tourism promotion activities in Hong Kong, China, India and Taiwan to attract tourists from these countries here. Tourists can already land at Silangit either by plane or chartered aircraft, “
The President expressed his belief that the tourism industry will help improve the welfare of the Batak community. Lake Toba, Southeast Asia’s largest lake, is located in the province of North Sumatra. Living around the lake are the sub-ethnic groups of Batak Toba, Simalungun, Karo, and Pakpak.
The lake is 900 meters above sea level, 450 meters in size, and has an area of 1,145 square kilometers. Located in the middle of the lake is Samosir Island, measuring 627 square kilometers wide. Can be reached within an hour by boat from Parapat, the main town on the shores of the lake. Tourist attractions on the island include the village of Tomok, where tourists can see some burial of old stone King Toba, Tuktuk Village, which is a good tourist resort and cheap on the shore of the lake. In the northern part of the lake there is a beautiful waterfall, called Sipiso-piso. The lake water goes down to the sea through the Asahan River. Halfway to the sea, the water had previously passed Asahan waterfall, but the waterfall has been utilized to power plants with a capacity of 600 megawatts.
Every year, the city of Parapat hosts the Lake Toba Festival and displays various cultural arts performances from all ethnic groups of the province. And many other activities are scheduled to enliven the world of tourism Lake Toba.